Quantity: 1 available
Book Condition: Very Good to Fine
This archive includes 183 black and white photographs, 30 color slides, and two envelopes of negatives with nine proof prints. Most of the photographs measure 12.5 by 8.9 cm and 8.2 by 6.4 cm, with some smaller and a few larger. The color slides appear to be post-war with scenes of a parade, festival, hiking in the mountains, and the beach. Most of the photographs are near fine or fina and are housed in the period stationery box in which they were discovered. The box measures 28.5 by 16 by 6 cm and has heavy wear at the corners and, while intact, splitting on the hinges of the lid and front and side flaps. While there are some off-duty images, like a soldier posing at the entrance of the National Orange Show, a few tourist shots of southern California, and skiing and ice skating in the mountains, the vast majority of snapshots are on base at Camp Anza. Camp Anza, located in what is now Riverside, California, opened in January of 1943 and was named after Juan Bautista de Anza, the Spanish explorer who camped near the area in 1774. The base was designed as a staging area where troops could be housed and prepared for deployment to the Pacific and European theaters. It was situated on 1,240 acres and featured 512 buildings that housed 20,000 troops. During their in-processing, soldiers received job-specific uniforms and equipment, immunizations, assistance with wills, and were educated on the geography and customs of the countries they were heading to. Camp Anza boasted the largest gas mask training facility in the nation and housed hundreds of civilian employees. The camp had processed nearly 630,000 GI’s before it was decommissioned in March 1946. Unfortunately, only a single photograph has writing on the back—a snapshot of two nurses named Helen Andreasen and Miss Citti. However, the name K.L. Umphrey is written on some of the photo processing envelopes. I believe this is Kermit L. Umphrey of Bay County, Michigan. Kermit was born in 1919 and enlisted for the U.S. Army medical department on September 9, 1940, at Ft. McDowell, Angel Island, California. There are several pictures of the same man in the photos, and I’m guessing that’s Kermit. There are numerous images of Camp Anza structures and tent cities. Many of the snapshots are populated with soldiers coming to camp and being prepared to ship off to the war, while others show a barren landscape of seemingly empty buildings. There are pictures of uniformed soldiers posing in front of their barracks, an ambulance accident, nurses and doctors at work or posing for snaps, a soldier in a gas mask, military parade, hospital wards (with and without patients), newly minted troops with their gear outside of their tents, group photos, men laying cable for Western Electric, and a snap of a military band practicing. There are nine photos of a well-attended show by the “Hollywood Division” of the Motion Picture Committee for National Defense including five images of performers on stage, though they were taken at a distance and I can’t tell who they are. In a couple of photos, you can plainly see the Army Service Forces patch. The Army Service Forces were established in 1942 and consisted of the Corps of Engineers, Signal Corps, Ordnance Department, Quartermaster Corps, Chemical Corps, and Medical Corps. They were the backbone of Camp Anza. A very nice collection of images from a camp that played an integral role in the U.S. war effort.
Title: Archive of Photographs from U.S. Army Camp Anza in Riverside, California During World War II [WWII, World War Two]
Publisher: Riverside, California, c.1943-1946
Book Condition: Very Good to Fine
Item: 1.00 Item
Seller ID: 3346